If you are facing foreclosure, it won't be long before your friends and family start offering advice. You may hear about some proven strategies to keep the mortgage company at bay, and other actions that may help you avoid foreclosure. But first it is important to understand foreclosure.
What is foreclosure?
A bank foreclosure is a legal process through which a mortgage lender can take possession of your home when you are not making the monthly mortgage payments. While it is different in every state, it usually follows that when you miss a few payments on the mortgage, the lender will send a default letter. This letter usually urges the borrower to make payments to catch up or to make some alternative arrangement with the bank. However, if the situation is not fixed within a few months of this letter, the bank will begin the foreclosure process.
What is the foreclosure process like?
After a loan has been in default for a month or two, the bank will send Sheriff's Sale Notice. Usually, this sale is scheduled to take place within four weeks of the date of the letter. Sheriff's sales are auctions where people can bid on the house; however the lender is usually the winner of the auction. In certain situations, the lender can attempt to collect any balance of the loan above the price paid at the sheriff's sale. This debt is called a "deficiency" but it usually a dischargeable debt in bankruptcy.
On the day of the sale, the lender assumes ownership of the property and the "redemption period" starts. This period of time is designed to protect the borrower's from abuse by the lender and it usually lasts for six months. During this time, the borrower can remain in the home, but doesn't have to pay the mortgage or property taxes. The borrower may also buy back the home at the price paid at the auction, but this might be impossible since lenders won't give loans to people right after a foreclosure. At the end of the redemption period, the borrowers can be evicted from the home.
How can bankruptcy help?
Filing for bankruptcy during a foreclosure can help in a couple of ways, but it must have been filed before the sheriff's sale. For one, a Chapter 13 bankruptcy can help you catch up on payments if you fell behind on your mortgage. Secondly, Chapter 7 allows you to stay in the home longer while stopping the lender from collecting a deficiency after taking the home.
Chapter 13 and foreclosure
If you fall behind on your house payments but you still have a large enough income to pay the mortgage, then Chapter 13 might be the ideal solution. This is particularly true when you have some equity in the home and want to hold on to it. A Chapter 13 bankruptcy allows you to pay back the amount your fell behind over the period of three to five years, while continuing to make regular mortgage payments. Once the arrears are paid, the mortgage will no longer be in default.
Chapter 7 and foreclosure
If you fell "underwater" on your mortgage because the balance is higher than the value of your home, or you can no longer afford to make monthly mortgage payments, then Chapter 7 may be just the fix. Chapter 7 bankruptcy legally protects you from any actions taken to collect a debt, including the sheriff's sale on a foreclosed home. While the lender can still ask the court to hold a sheriff's sale, the protections of Chapter 7 can last up to three months. In the case of a Chapter 7 bankruptcy, you can gain an additional 1 to 3 months in the home without paying a mortgage.
Perhaps more importantly, a Chapter 7 bankruptcy discharges any deficiency debt that may result from the house selling at auction for less than the balance of the mortgage. In cases where the deficiency judgment is quite large; which can occur when the house is remortgaged or underwater, a Chapter 7 filing can be quite helpful.
USA Today is reporting that consumers increased their debt in November by more than $20 billion, the largest monthly increase in a decade.
What this shows our Colorado Springs bankruptcy lawyers is not that the economy is in a better position than it has been in years, but more likely that consumers used their credit cards more during the winter holiday season.
For those whose expenses are in tough shape, bankruptcy in Colorado Springs can help them get out from the predatory practices of credit card companies. These businesses consistently send out invitations for consumers to get their plastic, even if it's not in their best interests.
They offer "perks" and "rewards" that are highly unattainable or require consumers to spend big and pay it off quickly. And if a person misses a payment or pays it late, they are instantly slammed with late fees and hidden fees that consumers didn't even know existed. Companies can then try to increase interest rates, just another tactic to try to keep consumers in their grasp as they battle with debt.
USA Today reports that consumers added $20 billion in debt in November, the biggest monthly jump in nearly a decade. Not including mortgage debt, Americans owe $2.48 trillion. Consumer credit increased at an annual rate of 10 percent, while credit card debt increased at an annual rate of 8.5 percent.
The November 2011 increase was the largest since November 2001, when consumers borrowed $28 billion just a few months after the September 11 terrorist attacks.
Some analysts believe that this shows consumers are feeling more confident in the economy, which has had modest gains in recent months. Our Colorado Springs bankruptcy lawyers believe it may also have to do with the ongoing unemployment struggles that many Americans are dealing with. The less money they have, the more they rely on credit card loans.
Consumers should be glad to know that filing for bankruptcy in Colorado Springs can wipe out credit card debt, regardless of the amount. This is an important tool to utilize for consumers who are behind on payments and don't see help in sight.
If you are struggling with debt and need to speak with an experienced Colorado Springs bankruptcy lawyer, contact attorney Stephen H. Swift at 866-893-2440 or 719-359-8179 for a free initial consultation.
November boost in consumer debt is most in 10 yearsby Michael Winter, USA Today
It makes sense that if you are filing for bankruptcy, you aren't in a position to pay a fortune to an attorney to help you do it. Some people turn to a lawyer who will do it for a few hundred dollars, while others try to navigate the process on their own.
But our Colorado Chapter 7 bankruptcy attorneys want you to know the truth: This is one area where you really can not afford NOT to hire an experienced lawyer. Failing to do this is likely to cost you much more in the end.
We work especially hard to keep our rates competitive, as we understand the challenges that our bankruptcy clients are currently facing. But we also want our clients to know that we refuse to cut corners, as many of the $500-a-case bankruptcy attorneys will.
Here's what you risk when you hire a cheap attorney with little to no experience in bankruptcy law:
This is certainly not to say that all low-cost bankruptcy attorneys are bad at what they do, and you also can't necessarily assume that just because an attorney is priced high that he or she is better.
So sure, you might find someone who will do a decent job for a few hundred dollars, particularly if your case is uncomplicated. But you take an enormous risk when you do this because if you end up stuck paying debts that would have otherwise discharged, that few hundred dollars you saved on an attorney will be spent to these creditors in the long-run.
The mistake many people make is assuming they can't afford one because of how much they owe. But what's important to note is that when you file for bankruptcy, you will likely be advised to stop paying all or most of your creditors immediately. These are debts that are going to eventually be discharged anyway, so it's often pointless to continue paying. What this also means is that if you have some form of income, you should be able to afford a qualified attorney.
Contact us today to see how we can help.
Colorado Springs foreclosure lawyers know that many people fell victim to the housing market implosion, whereby home values were grossly inflated, as were the homebuyers' suitability for the loans to obtain them.
However, it appears the negligence might not have ended there, as evidenced by a class action lawsuit filed on behalf of homeowners throughout the country alleging major banks were complicit in the Libor manipulation rate.
You may be familiar with Libor rate after countless entities including local governments and community banks all filed suit against some of the major banks following the scandal. Libor is short for the "London Interbank Offered Rate," and it is a collection of rates that is set for 10 currencies across 15 different time zones for a range of time periods. It could be for a particular day or it could be set for a year. Essentially, it's intended to measure the cost of borrowing among the world's largest financial institutions, which trade tens of billions of dollars in loans and hundreds of trillions in derivatives.
This past summer, Barclay's, one of Britain's largest banks, was accused of manipulating that rate. The bank reached a settlement of more than $450 million, and other settlements involving large U.S. banks are in the works.
So how does this affect homeowners? The Libor rate is the basis for which many of these banks set their interest rates for various loans. The lawsuit contends that nearly 1 million American homeowners were affected by inflated interest rates that were spiked due to the Libor rate manipulation. Banks reportedly earned hundreds of millions of dollars, if not billions, from the fraud, according to plaintiff attorneys.
On average, this resulted in about $300 extra a year in interest.
This doesn't sound like much, but it's certainly not helping. Plus, the bigger issue is that it shows the kind of tactics you are up against when you're trying to fight a Colorado Springs foreclosure.
Our Colorado Springs foreclosure attorneys are experienced in battling with big banks to have interest rates and principal payments reduced so that you can stay in your home. If you are trying to fight off foreclosure in Colorado, call us today.
Whether you're struggling to make mortgage payments or seriously behind, foreclosure is a scary proposition. Not only would this be devastating to your lifestyle, but you may be concerned about its impact on your credit. But isn't every major financial problem going to damage your credit? When it comes to your FICO score, is it much different to go through foreclosure or bankruptcy, complete a short-sale, or request a loan modification from your bank?
While it may seem to be a minor, there is actually a significant difference between these options. Before you decide what to do, find out which activity will have the greatest impact on your credit score.
Your credit score
Every person is assigned a number by a credit scoring company that predicts your likelihood of default on payment obligations. This number is called a FICO score. Each credit reporting agency uses a different set of factors and calculations to get to this score, but most of the information they use is contained within your credit report. For this reason, it is very important to look at your credit report often, just in case there are any errors in reporting.
A FICO is required in 90 percent of all mortgage applications, so it is a number that could impact both your buying power and interest rate.
What influences your FICO score?
Payment history accounts for 35% of this score, which means if you pay your bills late your number will be lower. The more recent the problem, the more it will affect your score.
Outstanding debt accounts for 30 percent. If the amount you owe to a creditor is close to the credit limit, this will negatively impact your credit score. Also, carrying a balance on several accounts will reduce your score because it will seem like you are overextended.
Length of credit history accounts for 15 percent, which means the longer you've had an account open, the better it is for your score. However, new credit (10 percent) shows you've been applying for many new credit limits, which could negatively impact your score.
Finally, the type of credit you have will account for 10 percent. FICO looks for a healthy mix, including both revolving and installment loans, but this will only be important when there is little information available to determine your score.
What happens when you file for bankruptcy?
A bankruptcy filing will show up on your credit report for 10 years, which is three years longer than most other negative information, such as short-sales, foreclosures and loan modifications.
The impact of foreclosure on your credit score
If your credit score is high to begin with, any kind of financial distress will cause a deeper dive than if your score was already low. In fact, borrowers with higher FICO scores could see a drop of 100 or more points. Additionally, it will take longer to get back to an original score if that score is high, but the number of years it takes to rebuild will largely depend on your future payment history and debt load.
If you have excellent payment behavior and your available credit increases, your score will improve more quickly than if you continue to make some late payments and are remain overextended.
Foreclosure, bankruptcy and short-sale often impact borrowers' scores so dramatically because borrowers only resort to these measures when they are seriously delinquent.
What about loan modifications and forbearances?
If your lender reports that you are "paying under a partial agreement," this could have a negative impact on your FICO score, but a lot depends on how your loan modification is reported. Either way, if you are no longer paying your mortgage as originally agreed, it will have some impact on your score.
Bankruptcy is worse for your credit score
Statistics from FICO indicate that bankruptcy is slightly worse for your credit score than foreclosure, forbearance, short-sale, or a loan modification. When comparing foreclosure to short-sale, borrowers who faced foreclosure took longer to rebuild credit than those who completed a short-sale. This can be attributed to the fact that foreclosure is normally triggered by such life events as a job loss, divorce or medical problem, conditions which will likely continue long after the foreclosure.
Keep in mind, however, that these statistics reflect the average situation, and everyone's financial situation is different. ¬¬
Photo Courtesy of Stuart Miles / FreeDigitalPhotos.net
There's no doubt you've heard the phrase, "Bankruptcy should be a last resort."
For people who are in relatively good financial shape, that's probably a good mantra to keep. The whole idea of bankruptcy is not to make it easy for people to avoid debts they can easily pay off.
However, Colorado Springs Chapter 7 bankruptcy attorneys know that for people who are struggling with mountains of debt, waiting to file until you're out of all other options can be dangerous, and the reasons are numerous.
Often, we see clients who have dragged their financial burdens on far longer than was necessary - because they were seeing bankruptcy as the last option.
But the fact is, you save yourself an enormous amount of stress and further financial trouble by exploring it as an option sooner.
By not doing so, first of all, your health is likely to suffer. We have worked with countless clients who had become physically ill as a result of their financial woes. Not only is their stress high, but they don't sleep. Some drink alcohol or overeat or chain smoke. Others suffer from depression. The bottom line is it's not a healthy way to live your life.
Secondly, it's highly possible that you'll end up making some costly, and maybe even irreversible, financial mistakes. This is easy enough to do. For example, some people cash out their retirement in order to pay off their credit cards, only to later realize they'll have to file for bankruptcy anyway. They'll never get that retirement money back, and the credit card debt would have been forgiven.
Thirdly, you may think you don't need to file because you're treading water with your finances. But the fact is, that's all you're doing, and without the relief that bankruptcy provides, you won't get any farther. That means you won't ever be able to save up enough for retirement or pay off your student loans or have any savings cushion. Again, it's not a healthy way to live your life - and you have options.
In some circles, bankruptcy is viewed as a taboo subject. People immediately assume that those who file for personal bankruptcy are simply irresponsible with money or they are trying to escape from paying their bills. In reality, however, this is rarely the case.
Bankruptcy attorneys and other financial experts are quick to point out how many successful people they know who have filed for bankruptcy in the past. The fact is that bankruptcy offers an individual protection from creditors who might otherwise place an enormous burden on them.
Without bankruptcy protection, people who are saddled with debt would be at the mercy of their creditors, who could file judgments, garnish wages and place liens on their property. Bankruptcy allows an individual the opportunity to prove to their creditors that he or she is not capable of meeting expenses, while allowing him or her to make an attempt at restitution.
Why is an attempt at restitution so important?
Bankruptcy filers are often judged harshly by those who assume they are just trying to escape debt. They wrongly believe that one's personal bankruptcy allows them to get off the hook completely. While some of the filer's debts may be discharged in Chapter 7 and Chapter 13 bankruptcy, the court still requires them to make an attempt at restitution. In a Chapter 7 bankruptcy, the filer must forfeit any assets that are not protected, or exempt, by state bankruptcy laws. The proceeds from the sale of these assets is then used to pay back creditors. In Chapter 13 bankruptcy, filers are expected to create a repayment plan with the court, which essentially settles their debts over a period of 3 to 5 years.
While restitution may not be complete, it is an important aspect to bankruptcy protection because it requires the filer to bear some responsibility instead of walking away debt-free. Personal bankruptcy is certainly not something one should aspire to, but for most people it is a much better alternative than hiding from creditors. It offers protection from creditors and it offers a means to a fresh start. It is wise for those seeking protection to work directly with a Colorado Springs bankruptcy attorney for advice on starting the process.
How will bankruptcy affect your credit score?
Even those who are willing to deal with the emotional repercussions of bankruptcy might not be so thrilled about the damage it will do to their credit score. In fact, other than emotional stress, credit score is what filers worry about the most. It is true that a bankruptcy filing can show up on your credit score for up to ten years, so If you find that bankruptcy protection is the best option for your financial future you will want to start repairing your credit score as soon as possible.
The following are a few considerations to help Colorado residents with repairing their credit score.
Finally, if you are considering bankruptcy in Colorado, consult with an experienced Colorado Springs bankruptcy lawyer. Be prepared to ask questions and learn about all of your options before making a decision.
In this financially turbulent time, many Americans have found themselves facing foreclosure. It’s not an altogether strange story… Being able to make a mortgage payment is getting harder and harder as more people lose their jobs.
It only takes getting behind on one payment, and then before you know it, you can be paying huge amounts of interest. Creditors want to you owe them as much money as possible, which is why they entice you into vehicles, property, or other goods that would normally be beyond your means.
It may have seemed like a miracle that a credit company was willing to loan you the money to buy a great new house, but there was nothing miraculous about it. For them, it’s a win-win proposition. If you pay the money back, then it’s no problem for them. But if you fail to pay on time, they’ll just keep taking and taking until you have nothing left.
That’s why filing for bankruptcy is such an important part of your rights as an American. If you’ve bought a house beyond your means, or if you’ve suffered a bad turn of luck, you may be facing foreclosure. If your house is foreclosed, you may have nowhere else to go, but the credit companies don’t care. That’s not their problem.
If you file for bankruptcy any time before the foreclosure sale date, your property can be protected under bankruptcy law, and in most cases, you can even just keep the house!
If you owe money, and most Americans do, you’re probably being harassed by calls from creditors. They call at odd hours of the day, hoping to trick you into answering the phone, and make it so that whenever your phone rings, you have a moment of dread when you see a number you don’t recognize.
That’s really only the start of the problems, too. Creditors can repossess your property, garnish your wages, and more.
There’s more to consider than just physical harassment, though. The stress of constantly living in fear of creditors can have emotional damages, too: anxiety, depression, and plenty of others. It can get in the way of you working to your full potential, and even take the joy out of life.
That’s where bankruptcy comes in.
When bankruptcy is filed, an automatic stay is issued to creditors, which means that they can no longer attempt to collect from you. Practically overnight, the harassing phone calls will stop, and there’s a good chance that when the bankruptcy is over, they won’t start again.
Filing for bankruptcy offers you protection from creditors through the duration of the process. That means no calls, no repossessions, no garnishments, or anything.
Any good bankruptcy attorney will make sure that even when the process ends and the stay expires, the creditors will leave you alone. That’s because it’s their job to create a plan that works for you, so that you can pay back any debts that survive the bankruptcy process.
If you file properly and don’t overspend again in the future, bankruptcy means never getting another collections call.
Any decent financial advisor will be careful to warn clients against the perils of taking on too much debt. Not only will a heavy debt load damage your credit score, it will put you at a much higher risk for bankruptcy, especially if you suffer a job loss.
Bankruptcy presents some major challenges for individuals and families, who may need to give up some major assets in exchange for a "clean slate," so one would expect them to do everything possible to avoid a second bankruptcy. But old habits die hard, and without good financial counseling a person remains vulnerable through poor decision-making.
After interviewing several financial consultants and bankruptcy attorneys, it is obvious that something needs to change. One bankruptcy should be enough for anyone's lifetime, so be sure to make these lifestyle changes immediately.
Four changes to make after bankruptcy:
Live within your means. This statement has different meanings to different people, but in an effort to keep it simple; "living within your means" is spending only the money you have coming in currently. This means no purchases on items you cannot afford, and paying the full balance of any credit card purchases every month.
Begin rebuilding credit scores only by purchasing what you know you can afford. While it may be true that buying a car, getting credit cards or renting an apartment will speed your post-bankruptcy rebound, it can be dangerous to take on too many obligations too quickly. Be smart about the method you use to rebuild your credit score, and keep your monthly payments affordable.
Build an emergency fund. This will help in many ways, but first and foremost it will keep you from incurring unnecessary debt. Examples include unexpected medical bills, job loss, or replacing major appliances. When the cash is in the bank, there is no need to pull out the credit card.
Create an honest budget. Start by knowing exactly how much you bring home each week or month. Be sure all your expenses and bills can be paid through this income. Only then will you be able to avoid racking up more debt and falling into a dangerous financial situation.
Other important changes to make right away:
The best way to avoid a second bankruptcy is to properly deal with the habits that got you into bankruptcy in the first place. You need to train yourself to recognize your own behaviors and make an immediate plan to combat them. However, if you still find yourself in a desperate financial situation there are things that can be done right away. A Colorado Springs bankruptcy attorney can help get you back on track.